The recognised participants

23. 10. 2013 10:37

Member of the anti-communist resistance and opposition recognised by the Ethics Commission - Jan Kučera

The Ethics Commission awarded the Member Certificate of the Anti-Communist Resistance and Opposition for public attitudes against collectivization in the Nížkov municipality in 1963, by which he fulfilled the characteristics of the form of anti-communist resistance and opposition according to § 3, par. 4 of the Act No. 262/2011 Coll.

Jan Kučera stood out against the economic-technical adjustment of estates in the Nížkov municipality (or generally against the collectivization of the country) and his actions, which were preceded by the persuasion of local peasants and farmers by local Communist Party members to submit to the economic-technical adjustment of estates and collectivization, culminated on 25th September 1953, when he verbally attacked the chairman of the local JZD (Standard Agrarian Cooperative), who distributed manure to the estates, which belonged to the family of Jan Kučera and which were included into the JZD against the will of the family. For this act Jan Kučera was found guilty, according to the court ruling, that he intentionally endangered the public interest in the Nížkov municipality in the Žďár nad Sázavou district during the year 1953 until 22nd September 1953 by actions hostile to the people’s democratic social order of the republic by trying to evoke hostile sentiments among the inhabitants of Nížkov against the economic-technical adjustment of estates and on 22nd September 1953 verbally attacked the JZD chairman Josef Marek. He thus committed a crime of hostile action against the Republic according to §129 of the Criminal Code and was sentenced to 1 year in prison. As further follows from the from the ruling the listed actions of Jan Kučera “had the harmful effect that at the end of September 1953 other farmers, particularly the richer villagers, did not respect the economic-technical adjustment of estates and sowed seeds on their former estates, which to a large extent ruined the aim of collectivization, which should have implemented the three-hectare sowing system in the whole municipality. The accused fully understood these effects and directly planned them and therefore his speeches addressed to the inhabitants of Nížkov that his family will continue to sow on their lands and statements addressed to the witness Marek fulfills all characteristics of the crime of hostile action against the Republic.”

Jan Kučera with his public opinions in 1953 stood out directly, obviously and demonstrably against the violent and nonsensical economic-technical adjustment of estates in Nížkov and against collectivization and thus as a result stood out against the communist regime, who used various means to achieve its goals (classless society, socialization of the country etc.), to which also belongs the economic-technical adjustment of estates or collectivization.

The Ethics Commission also stressed in its decision that the actions of the proceedings participant was motivated by a legitimate effort to protect the family estates against its illegal and unjust usurpation and used fully democratic means to achieve this. The Ethics Commission commends such attitude even in accordance with its constant decision-making practice.

print article   email   facebook   twitter